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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 56-63

Fat embolism syndrome: A comprehensive review and update


Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, King George Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shailendra Singh
Room No. 421, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, King George Medical University, Lucknow - 226 003, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/joas.joas_18_18

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Fat embolism syndrome (FES) is a life-threatening situation, which warrants greater emphasis than it receives in the literature. FE occurs following various medical and surgical conditions leading to a cascade of systemic inflammatory process affecting multiple organs of the body, which may lead to end-organ failure. It has high mortality and morbidity. Despite advancement in science and technology, diagnosis of this fatal syndrome is mainly based on clinical symptoms and signs and no major definitive diagnostic tool and treatment method is available. At present, treatment of this disastrous medical condition is only supportive. In this review, we summarize the incidence, etiology, pathophysiology, and management of FES.


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