Year : 2016  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 54-57

Three finned press-fit cup: Does its initial fixation strength provide an adequate stability? Clinical midterm results of 685 implants

Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma, AOR San Carlo Hospital, Potito Petrone Street, 85100 Potenza, Italy

Correspondence Address:
Rocco Romeo
Ospedale San Carlo, Via Potito Petrone, 85100 Potenza
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2319-2585.193752

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Introduction: One of the major causes of loosening of cementless acetabular cup implants is insufficient initial stability. A technical proposal to decrease the risk of suboptimal first stability is a circumferential finned design of the cup. This design aims to improve periacetabular bone contact and prevent rotational micromotion of the cup when optimal press-fit cannot be obtained. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed a group of 712 consecutive patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty from June 2006 to June 2014. In all patients, a titanium cup, characterized by three anti-rotational circumferential fins at the superior pole, was implanted. Results: Five hundred and ninety-two patients, for a total of 685 hips, were evaluated at a mean follow-up of 58 months (range 12-96 months). At 1-year follow-up, the average score increased to 82.90 (range 100-70) and at the final follow-up (58 months, range 12-96 months), it was 80.12 (range 100-66). In 22 cases (3%), screws to obtain a secure primary stability of the cup were used. Nineteen complications (2.6%) needing revision surgery were observed. Survivorship at 10 years was 98.7% (95% confidence interval [CI], 98.7-99.7%) with revision for aseptic cup loosening as an endpoint and 96.7% (95% CI, 98.3-95.1%) with revision for all causes of revision as the second endpoint. Discussion: In our group of patients, we did not observe the cases of very early cup loosening. The only two-cup revision, do to loosening of osteolysis, was observed 26 and 32 months before surgery. Conclusion: Our very low rate of additional screws represents an indirect sign of finned cup first stability. Three-finned cup design clinically confirmed to improve initial cup stability.

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